Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is Government of India's flagship programme for achievement of Universalization of Elementary Education (UEE) in a time bound manner, as mandated by 86th amendment to the Constitution of India making free and compulsory Education to the Children of 6-14 years age group, a Fundamental Right.
SSA is being implemented in partnership with State Governments to cover the entire country and address the needs of 192 million children in 1.1 million habitations.
The programme seeks to open new schools in those habitations which do not have schooling facilities and strengthen existing school infrastructure through provision of additional class rooms, toilets, drinking water, maintenance grant and school improvement grants.     Existing schools with inadequate teacher strength are provided with additional teachers, while the capacity of existing teachers is being strengthened by extensive training, grants for developing teaching-learning materials and strengthening of the academic support structure at a cluster, block and district level. SSA seeks to provide quality elementary education including life skills. SSA has a special focus on girl's education and children with special needs. SSA also seeks to provide computer education to bridge the digital divide
(a)   A neighbourhood school is a school located within the defined limits or area of neighbourhood, which has been notified by the State Government under the State RTE Rules.
a) Opening of new upper primary schools within the area of the limits of the neighbourhood as notified by the State Government under the State RTE Rules.
b) With a view to facilitating States to move towards composite elementary schools, the revised SSA norms provide that new upper primary schools/sections will be opened in the campuses of existing primary schools. Upper primary schools shall be provided through upgradation of existing primary schools so that school becomes an integrated elementary school from classes I to VIII. The building and infrastructure will therefore, be constructed in existing primary school campuses.
a) Support for reaching out to:
i. Children in sparsely populated, or hilly and densely forested areas with difficult geographical terrain where opening a new primary or upper primary school may not be viable, and
ii. Urban deprived children, homeless and street children in difficult circumstances and without adult protection, who require not merely day schooling, but also lodging and boarding facilities.
a) Special Training facility for out-of-school children to enable a child, admitted to an age appropriate class, to integrate academically and emotionally with the rest of the class.
b) Special Training shall be:
i. Based on especially designed, age appropriate learning material, approved by the academic authority as per the RTE Act, 2009.
ii. Cons ider ing the enormi ty and complexities of the work involved in Special Training all agencies which have the willingness and the ability to undertake this work must be encouraged to do so.Several NGOs have experience and /or ability to work in this area and they would be the natural partners in implementation of this aspect of the RTE Act.
iii. AIE centres run by voluntary agencies which are proposed to be re-organised to function as centres for Special Training shall use learning material approved by the academic authority as per the RTE Act, 2009.
iv Special Training shall be provided in classes held on the premises of the school, or through classes organized in safe residential facilities as specified in the RTE Act, 2009.
v Special Training shall be provided by a teacher working in the school, or a specially engaged teacher. These teachers will be provided special training in order to conduct Special Training for out-of-school children.
vi The duration of Special Training shall be for a minimum period of three months which may be extended, based on periodical evaluation of learning progress, for a maximum period not exceeding two years.
vii Support under Special Training may be in the form of residential or nonresidential courses as needed.
viii Children who have enrolled in age appropriate class after Special Training shall be entitled to free and compulsory elementary education even after completion of 14 years of age.